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Indian Monsoon Coffee Process and History
Coffee was first introduced to India nearly 400 years ago by the Muslim pilgrim, Baba Budan. The British then established commercial plantations back in 1840. The beans were shipped from India taking four to six months sailing around the Cape of Good Hope. On arrival at its destination the beans had changed colour from bright green to pale gold, the acidity of the coffee had been lost with the wind and moisture from the voyage, the beans had taken on a pleasing unique flavour. The monsooning process was later developed as transportation methods advanced in order to retain the individual characteristics of the Indian beans.
The beans are stored in well ventilated brick/concrete floored warehouses on the west coast of India, allowing the coffee to be exposed to the moisture laden monsoon winds from the Arabian Sea in the months June through September. They are frequently raked, graded and swell to nearly twice their original size. The acidity is neutralised in the process and mellow, smooth coffee with deeper flavours developing in the nose.Tastes of chocolate are apparent with a slight earthiness distinctive with Asian coffees. This was an instant hit when it first made its way to Europe and remains one of our best sellers. These beans are great if you use a cafetiere, or if you are relatively new to buying fresh coffee.
Coffee is mainly grown in which district of Karnataka?
In Karnataka, coffee is grown in these three main districts:
Karnataka accounts for 71% of India’s coffee production, with Kerala accounting for 21% and Tamil Nadu 5%.
This catimor varietal coffee is grown in the breath-taking mountain range of Western Ghats. This is an ideal growing location as the average elevation is 1200m which produces very high-quality beans. Here are some more interesting facts about this fascinating growing region:
- This area receives heavy rainfall for more than half the year and is the main reason for the monsoon in the Western coast of India
- The Ghats are older than the Himalayas
- It runs for 1600km along the Western side of India
- This mountain range covers 62,000 square miles
- It has a incredibly vast biological diversity with over 139 different mammal species.